Manufacturing core disease why domestic mobile phones do not domestic chips

Date: 2016-08-03
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Release date: 2016-08-03
Views: 33

All along, the chip is the biggest heart of Chinese IT manufacturing industry, as early as in 2014, there are rumors that the state wants to invest $100 billion to chip design and manufacturing. But this year broke Qualcomm and many domestic mobile phone manufacturers patent license mercilessly exposed the fact that: so far China has not solved the problem of chips.

This article quoted address: http://www.eepw.com.cn/article/201609/296361.htm

Why can we build the world's most developed high-speed rail network, nor lack of investment funds, but can not do a decent chip?

Too late to start

Intel was founded in 1968 1971, launched the first global microprocessor, has been 48 years of history of the development of innovative products; AMD was founded in 1969, has been for the computer, communication and consumer electronics industries microprocessor design and manufacture all kinds of innovation; Qualcomm was founded in 1985, set the industry standard for wireless communication in many communications industry, so far 31 years of history. After so many years of development, they not only accumulated a large number of patented technology, products have already formed a stable upstream and downstream supply chain in the market, it is difficult to enter the latecomers.

As everyone knows, Chinese last century at the end of 70s before the beginning of reform and opening up, the semiconductor industry started later than others by a large margin, later want to do it yourself, others have updated iteration of the N generation technology, and we have to start from scratch. In the absence of large-scale technical input, relying solely on their own technology to make chips is too difficult.

Support is not enough

The beginning of reform and opening up, most of our manufacturing industry is one that does not involve the OEM assembly production, R & D core technology. After years of primitive accumulation, we finally have the capital and strength can do some more high-end industry, but the focus of investment is not in the manufacturing sector.

Now the development of more fiery industry is real estate, high-speed rail, finance, due to cost problems, most low-end manufacturing has been transferred to Southeast asia. Upstream industries such as chips if you want to develop, we must have technology accumulation and greater financial support, SMEs obviously can not afford. But chip semiconductor this change rhythm fast industry, state-owned enterprise decision-making slow action management mode and difficult to adapt.

Huge investment

Market investment preferences first consideration is to make money, earn fast money, basic accumulation, no technical advantages, research and development cycle is too long chip is not the primary choice.

In addition, the chip industry does not need to have too many manufacturers like mobile phone manufacturers to do, several of the most influential giants can most of the market to occupy. So, this also led to the number of domestic chip manufacturers is not much. More or most low-end participation in the semiconductor manufacturing industry, as one can do, the meager profits, earn some money only toil.

Difficult technology import

The United States is the chip, semiconductor industry, the most developed countries, Intel, AMD, Qualcomm originated in the United states. If you want to achieve rapid breakthroughs in the chip industry in a short time, the best way is to introduce existing mature technology, but not every country can get this technology.

Specifically, U.S. allies can buy high-tech semiconductor products, can also buy high-tech semiconductor manufacturing equipment and technology production. China and other semi hostile countries can buy all semiconductor products, but can not buy the most advanced equipment and technology, generally allow only two generations of backward technology exports. And Iran, North Korea such countries not only can not import technology, even semiconductor products can not buy.

Due to the limitations of these reasons, the Chinese mobile phone manufacturers in the foreseeable future can hardly avoid relying on Qualcomm such chip manufacturers. Have the ability to do their own domestic mobile phone chips only HUAWEI, millet is also said to have the idea to do independent chips, but the feeling is not practical.


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